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Проблемы Каменного Века - Страница 245 Первобытное общество

6

1

Tibia

1

2

1

4

1

1

4

2

Tarsals

1

3

Metatarsal

V

1

3

1

1

“4

2

Metapodial

4

1

1

2

“il

1

2

13

3

Sesamoid

1

1

1

18

Phalanges

1

6

1

7

1

7

4

1

1

1

29

10

Factors such as sediment compaction and diagenesis are not yet understood for this site. In the case of mountain goat, other small bones like phalanges and sesamoids are quite common.

In the evaluation of transport and butchery, the examination of bone (i. e.. excluding teeth) MNE values arranged by anatomical region can reveal much about carcass access and dismemberment around particular joints. Figures 1 and 2 show percentages of total bone MNE by anatomical region for red deer and mountain goat.

Respectively. Strata 13. 14. and 19 have been selected for comparison because these levels possess the three highest total bone MNE values for each species. Based on the categories of Stiner (1994). anatomical regions are defined as follows: 1. horn: horn or antler: 2. head: cranium and mandible; 3. axial: all vertebrae and innominate; 4. upper forelimb: scapula and humerus; 5. lower forelimb: radius, ulna, carpals, and metacarpal; 6. upper hindlimb: femur: 7. lower hindlimb: patella, tibia, tarsals. metatarsal; 8. toe bones: first, second, and third phalanges. For both

Stratum 13 (bone NINE = 23)

2  3 4 5 6

Anatomical Region


12345678  123456

Anatomical Region  Anatomical Region

Figure /. Percent bone MNE by anatomical region for Cervus elaphus.

Anatomical regions: 1: horn, 2: head, 3: axial, 4: upper forelimb, 5: lower forelimb,

6 upper hindlimb, 7: lower hindlimb. 8: toe bones.

 
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