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Проблемы Каменного Века - Страница 246 Первобытное общество

Stratum 14 (bone MNE = 18)



1  2 3 4 5 6 7

Anatomical Region


2  3 4 5 6

Anatomical Region

Figure 2. Percent bone MNE by anatomical region for Capra sibirica Anatomical regions: 1: horn, 2 head. 3: axial. 4. upper forelimb, 5: lower forelimb, 6: upper hindlimb, 7 lower hindlimb, 8: toe bones


2  3 4 5 6

Anatomical Region

Red deer and mountain goat, lower limb elements are well represented. By contrast, hom/antler, head and axial elements are virtually absent. Red deer phalanges and femora exceed 10% of total MNE only in Strata 14 and 19. The high percentages of red deer lower limbs may represent an artificial bias toward metapodials, as explained above. In general, however, the red deer sample is dominated by limb elements. For mountain goat, on the other hand, there is a strong bias toward phalanges and lower forelimb elements. Only in Stratum 13 do lower hindlimb elements represent greater than 15% of total bone MNE. For all strata, no other mountain goat anatomical region exceeds 1 l%of total bone MNE.

These figures indicate that the bone specimens of red deer represent somewhat more complete and anatomically representative carcasses relative to those of mountain goat. This condition may reflect differences in carcass transport decisions. For example, if Obi-Rakhmat functioned as a temporary hunting station, hominids may have transported a more of a whole goat carcass away from the site than a red deer carcass because the goat, including bones, weighed less. However, it is also possible that the goat carcasses were more extensively fragmented during butchery. The resulting small fragments would be more difficult to identify to taxon and element, thus creating a negative bias in anatomical region representation. Resolution of this issue requires a more detailed examination of the shaft fragments to assess element and taxon and a more thorough understanding of diagenic processes influencing bone survival at the site (i. e., chemical weathering, trampling, etc.).

Bone damage

Frequencies of bone (i. e.. non-tooth) surface damage and discoloration in the Obi-Rakhmat faunal assemblage are summarized in Table 5 During analysis, all specimens were examined under a high-power lamp and all potential cut marks were inspected with a hand lens. Stratum 6 has been excluded because it yielded only tooth fragments.

/ah/е 5

Damage frequencies by stratum. Obi-Rakhmat 1998-2001 Percentages represent proportions

Of non-tooth bone specimens

Stratum

Category

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

 
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